Marginal tax rate
In many countries, the tax rate applied to a particular taxpayer depends on their level of income. In other words, the applicable tax rate increases with income. This practice is called a progressive taxation system, which aims to shift the tax burden to higher income taxpayers.
Such a system can be quite complex, since each tax rate applies to the corresponding category of income, that is, the taxpayer does not always pay tax at the same rate on all of his income. Instead, a different tax rate is applied to different parts of income, and the tax rate that will be applied to the highest part of income is called the marginal tax rate.
The marginal tax rate is the tax rate you pay on that extra dollar of income. In the States app, the federal tax cap for an individual increases as income rises. This taxation method, (known as progressive taxation), aims to tax individuals on the basis of their earnings, with low-income individuals taxed at a lower rate than higher-income individuals.
The marginal tax rate is the tax rate paid on the next dollar of income.
According to the progressive income tax method used for federal income tax in the United States, the marginal tax rate increases as income increases.
The marginal tax rates are categorized by income level into seven tax categories.
Understanding the marginal tax rate
As income increases, what is earned will be taxed at a higher rate than the first earned dollar. In other words, the first earned dollar will be taxed at the rate for the lowest tax category, the last earned dollar will be taxed at the rate for the highest level for that total income, and all intermediate money will be taxed at the rate for the range it falls into.
The cap tax rates are subject to new tax laws. The current cap tax rates took effect in the United States on January 1, 2018 with the passage of the Tax and Workplaces Act (TCJA). Under the previous law, the seven brackets were 10%, 15%. 25%, 28%, 33%, 35% and 39.6%. The new plan, signed by President Donald Trump in December 2017, retains the seven brackets structure. However, adjustments have been made to tax rates and income levels. According to the TCJA, new the rates are 10%, 12%, 22%, 24%, 32%, 35% and 37%.
Example of a marginal tax rate
Individuals with the lowest income are placed in the group with the lowest marginal tax rate, and those with higher incomes are placed in the group with the higher marginal tax rate.
However, the marginal tax category that an individual falls into does not determine how all income is taxed. Instead, income taxes are assessed incrementally, with each group having a range of income values that are taxed at a specific rate.
Under the new plan, if an individual taxpayer earned $ 150,000 in annual income, they would have to pay the following income taxes for 2021 (due in April 2022), as shown below:
10% bracketing: ($ 9,950 – $ 0) x 10% = $ 995.50
12% parenthesis: ($ 40,525- $ 9,950) x 12% = $ 3,669.00
Group 22%: ($ 86,375 – $ 40,525) x 22% = $ 10,087
Bracketing 24%: ($ 150,000 – $ 86,375) x 24% = $ 15,270.00
32% Bracket: Not applicable
Bracket 35%: Not Applicable
37% Bracket: Not applicable
When these amounts are added together, the total tax liability for this individual is $ 30,021.50 or an effective tax rate of 20.01% ($ 30,021.50 / $ 150,000).
The seven marginal tax rates in square brackets remain the same regardless of the registration status of the person. However, the dollar fluctuations in which income is taxed on each rate change, depending on whether the tax filer is a single, married jointly to the submitter or In addition, due to a provision in the tax code called indexation, the dollar range of each marginal tax category usually increases annually to accommodate inflation.
Marginal tax rate and flat tax rate
Another type of tax rate is the flat tax rate, which some states apply for deductions and apply in growing economies. Proponents of this taxation system call it fair because it taxes all people and businesses at the same rate. Those who oppose this believe that it results in high-income taxpayers paying less than they owe for a just society.